What is depression?
Depression is the leading cause of disability in the world. In the united states, close to 10% of adult’s disabilities in the world. In the united states, close to 10% of adults struggle with depression.
Getting a bad grade, losing a job, having an argument, even a rainy day can bring on feelings of sadness. Clinical depression is different. It’s a medical disorder.
5 types of depressive disorder
Depression has sub disorders that will have different symptoms intensities and causes here are the different types of symptoms
1. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
If you tend to have continuous outbursts of temper either physical or verbal and happens three times a week. That is one of the symptoms. Other symptoms that you could experience are feeling sad or moody besides the anger three times a week or having severe outbursts. It’s more likely that you have this disorder if these symptoms have occurred for more than a year, or if the symptoms started before the age of 10
2. Clinical depression or major depressive disorder
Those with this disorder may have an episode for longer periods of the time while others may only have had an episode once in their life.
People with MDD have the following symptoms for nearly a two-week span and it will usually arise every day. Feeling hopeless sad or numb; decreased motivation for things that they used to like; increase or decreased appetite which could lead to weight gain or loss respectively; changes in sleep, fatigue; being unable to concentrate; forgetfulness, thoughts of death or suicide, suicide attempts and self-harm.
3. Persistent depressive disorder.
The symptoms are not clear as MDD, however the symptoms usually happen almost everyday for two years in adults, and at least one year in children and adolescents.
The symptoms that go along with dysthymia are appetite change; change in sleep cycle; low energy; poor self-esteem;
Feelings of hopelessness; bad concentration; forgetfulness and lack of motivation.
4. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
It is disabling approximately three to eight percent of women and one can really figure out why
The following symptoms occur during menstrual cycle and a usual diagnosis would require at least five of the following
Symptoms to be present
Mood swings; increase sensitivity; feelings of hopelessness or being overwhelmed; anxiety; feeling tired; a lack of interest in activities and insomnia.
The disorder has also physical symptoms such as joint pain; bloating; weight gain; tender breasts; and swelling. This disorder will affect school, work and relationships. Most people use drugs to feel better and usually not notice the symptoms.
5. Substance-induced depressive disorder
Symptoms include irritability; depressive episodes; bad temper; a sense of hopelessness and no interest.
These symptoms will occur when using the substance or win in withdrawal. Most people use drugs to feel better.
Symptoms can include
Loss of interest
Difficulty in sleeping or over sleeping
Change in weight
Feelings of worth lessness
Thoughts of death or suicide
Depression is a disorder of the brain there are a variety of causes, including genetic, environmental, psychological, and biochemical factors.
Depression usually starts between the ages of 2 and 30, and is much more common in women.
Women can also get postpartum depression after birth of baby.
Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one type of bipolar disorder.
8 reasons why you feel depressed
Stress full life events
Is an event causing you unusual stress lately? Most people who develop depression report experiencing a stressful life event in the recent past, like being an accident, losing a job, getting a divorce, having a child, or experiencing death in the family. Stress, however, is highly relative and while not everyone who goes through these things becomes depressed, that doesn’t mean that people who do become depressed are just overreacting.
We all react stress varying degrees.
For ex, the end of an important relationship may cause a person a lot emotional distress that they know how cope with, leading them to spiral into depression.
2. Learned helplessness
According to the theory of depression, pioneered by Martin Seligman, the founder of positive psychology, people succumb to depression when they feel powerless against the negative events of their lives.
This happens when they have psychologists call a depressive attributional style, which has three main characteristics
Number one is internal:
Secondly its stable:
Lastly its global
3. Negative conjugative styles
“This is all my fault!” “this suck!” “everyone doesn’t care about me!”
Do you relate to these expressions?
These are what beck called cognitive distortions or problematic patterns of thinking. Famous for developing cognitive behavioral therapy, Erne beck believed that depression was the result of the tendency to perceive events in a pessimistic way.
Choosing tense only the negative side of a situation or fixating too much on the minor mistake, leads to the development of depressive symptoms in people s well.
4. Hormonal imbalance
Do you feel an increase in your irritability and anxiety as of late? Are you struggling with mood regalities or poor appetite?
All these related to Harmons of the body, mainly serotonin. Like other disorders depression also has its roots in hormonal imbalance. Studies show that a low level of the hormone serotonin might be responsible for the development of depression. This is because the primary function of serotonin is to regulate our emotions and any imbalance negatively affects our mood.
5. Overactive endocrine system
It is the mechanism in the body responsible for releasing hormones. Research shows that an overactive endocrine system can result in an oversupply of stress hormones, which is common in those diagnosed with depression.
This is likely because stress Harmons have an adverse effect on our neurons and leads to shrinkage of the hippocampus over time.
6. Family history of depression
Do you have a family member who has been diagnosed with depression or bipolar disorder? If so, this makes you nearly three times more likely to develop depression. This is because studies suggest that depression is a genetically heritable disorder. Its just means that you’re more susceptible to it.
Dysfunctional home life
Growing up in an abusive family can leave a lot of psychological damage on the child. And sadly, most victims of early childhood abuse, whether it is physical emotional or sexual go on to develop depression, anxiety.
Lack of social support
Last but certainly not least, a lack of social support is an important contributing factor to a person’s depression.
Diagnosis and treatment
There are effective treatments for moderate and severe depression. Health-care providers may offer psychological treatments such as behavioral activation, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), or antidepressant medication such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). Health-care providers should keep in mind the possible adverse effects associated with antidepressant medication, the ability to deliver either intervention (in terms of expertise, and/or treatment availability), and individual preferences. Different psychological treatment formats for consideration include individual and/or group face-to-face psychological treatments delivered by professionals and supervised lay therapists.
Psychosocial treatments are also effective for mild depression. Antidepressants can be an effective form of treatment for moderate-severe depression but are not the first line of treatment for cases of mild depression. They should not be used for treating depression in children and are not the first line of treatment in adolescents, among whom they should be used with extra caution.